Agostinho, Gavarró & Santos (2024). The acquisition of the verbal passive: The role of verb type

Autors:

Celina Agostinho, Anna Gavarró i Ana Lúcia Santos

Títol:

The acquisition of the verbal passive: The role of verb type

Editorial: Language Acquisition (Routledge)
Data de publicació: Abril del 2024
Pàgines: 22

Text complet

This study examines the comprehension of verbal passives by children acquiring European Portuguese, in particular with respect to the predictions of the Universal Phase Requirement (UPR) and the Universal Freezing Hypothesis (UFH) regarding children’s performance with different types of predicates. Both hypotheses entail the prediction that children perform better with passives of predicates that encode a result state, either because they tend to make better adjectival passives or because they have a complex event structure. Moreover, the UPR predicts poorer performance with long passives (i.e., those with a by-phrase) than with short passives, to the extent that construing an adjectival interpretation is more difficult when a by- phrase is present; the UFH predicts no difference between the two. Portuguese-speaking children between the ages of 3 and 8 years were tested on their comprehension of verbal passives of non-actional predicates and actional predicates with or without a result state, using two sentence-picture matching tasks. The results do not entirely fulfill the predictions of the UPR and the UFH: we replicate the delay seen in English with non-actional predicates, but no effect of the result state is seen in the case of actional predicates. We propose that the relevant aspectual property of the passi-vized predicate may be affectedness rather than the availability of a result state.

Recasens (2024). The Effect of Manner of Articulation and Syllable Affiliation on Tongue Configuration for Catalan Stop-Liquid and Liquid-Stop Sequences: An Ultrasound Study

Autors:

Daniel Recasens

Títol:

The Effect of Manner of Articulation and Syllable Affiliation on Tongue Configuration for Catalan Stop-Liquid and Liquid-Stop Sequences: An Ultrasound Study

Editorial: Languages, MDPI
Data de publicació: 27 juny 2024

Text complet

The present study reports tongue configuration data recorded with ultrasound for two sets of consonant sequences uttered by five native Catalan speakers. Articulatory data for the onset cluster pairs [kl]-[ɣl] and [kɾ]-[ɣɾ], and also for [l#k]-[l#ɣ] and [r#k]-[r#ɣ], analyzed in the first part of the investigation revealed that, as a general rule, the (shorter) velar approximant is less constricted than the (longer) voiceless velar stop at the velar and palatal zones while exhibiting a more retracted tongue body at the pharynx. These manner of articulation-dependent differences may extend into the preceding liquid. Data for [k#l]-[kl] and [k#r]-[kɾ] dealt with in the second part of the study show that the velar is articulated with more tongue body retraction for [k#l] vs. [kl] and for [k#r] vs. [kɾ], and with a higher tongue dorsum for [k#l] vs. [kl] and the reverse for [k#r] vs. [kɾ]. Therefore, clusters are produced with a more extreme lingual configuration across a word boundary than in syllable-onset position, which at least in part may be predicted by segmental factors for the [k#r]-[kɾ] pair. These articulatory data are compared with duration data for all sequence pairs.

Lewandowski (2019). How language type influences patterns of motion…

Autors:

Wojciech Lewandowski & Şeyda Özçalışkan

Títol:

How language type influences patterns of motion expression in bilingual speakers

Editorial: Second Language Research
Data de publicació: 7 d'octubre de 2019

Més informació

Expression of motion shows systematic inter-typological variability between language types, particularly with respect to manner and path components of motion: speakers of satellite-framed languages (S-language; e.g. German) frequently conflate manner and path into a single clause, while verb-framed language speakers (V-language; e.g. Spanish) typically express manner and path in separate clauses, a pattern that also becomes evident in bilinguals’ expression of motion events in each language type. However, less is known about intra-typological variability within each language type, particularly for the expression of motion events among bilingual speakers. In this study, we examine motion descriptions produced by two groups of bilinguals – with Polish as first language – learning a second language that belongs to the same (Polish–German) or a different language type (Polish–Spanish), in comparison to monolinguals in each language (German, Spanish, Polish). Our results, based on written descriptions of animated motion scenes, showed evidence for both inter-typological and intra-typological variation in the expression of motion, with greater attunement to first-language (L1) patterns in learning a language of the same type, and closer alignment to second-language (L2) patterns in learning a language that belongs to a different language type.

Understanding Allomorphy

Autors:

Eulàlia Bonet, Maria-Rosa Lloret, Joan Mascaró

Títol:

Understanding Allomorphy. Perspectives from Optimality Theory

Editorial: Equinox Publishing
Data de publicació: 2015
Pàgines: 418
ISBN13: 9781845532970

Més informació

This volume is a collection of original contributions to the study of lexical allomorphy, with a focus on Optimality Theory’s distinctive take on this topic. The chapters provide an up-to-date perspective on the advances in our understanding of allomorphy which Optimality Theory has been able to secure (in comparison with rule-based Generative Phonology). They also consider a number of important allomorphy questions which Optimality Theory has helped raise and address (e.g. the nature of inputs, the role of paradigms, the interaction of phonology with other modules of grammar, lexical storage vs computation, degrees of phonological (ir)regularity, subcategorization vs markedness).
The contributors form an international array of linguists from North America and Europe. A broad variety of languages serve as the empirical base for the volume, either in detailed case studies (e.g. Burushaski, Catalan, English, French, Italian, Moroccan Arabic, Sahaptin) or in encompassing typological surveys.
The volume is aimed at professional linguists with an interest in phonology, morphology, and the lexicon. With its broad coverage of allomorphy issues, the book’s content will also lend itself to courses in phonology and morphology for advanced undergraduates and graduate students.

Gramàtica del català contemporani I, II i III

Autors:

Joan Solà (Dir.), Maria-Rosa Lloret (Dir.), Joan Mascaró (Dir.) i Manuel Pérez Saldanya (Dir.)

Títol:

Gramàtica del català contemporani

Editorial: Editorial Empúries
Data de publicació: 2002-2008
Pàgines: 3616
ISBN13: 978-84-9787-312-3

Més informació

En el camp gramatical, com en altres camps, de vegades resulta difícil obtenir una producció compensada: o sigui, distingir de forma adequada els esforços que els professionals dediquen a fins diferents: a la investigació especificada i a la divulgació o a l'aplicació, a la descripció i a la teoria, a les monografies i a les obre generals o de síntesi. Aquesta obra respon a la necessitat d'ajudar a solucionar aquesta descompensació.
Una mancança recurrent en el cas de la llengua catalana han estat les obres generals de consulta o de síntesi. En moltes de les disciplines que conformen els estudis sobre el català no existeix una obra general d'aquesta mena, o bé és massa antiga, o encara no està enllestida, o no és prou satisfactòria.
En part, aquesta situació és ben explicable: fer una obra general de sintaxi, de gramàtica històrica, de dialectologia, etc. no consisteix simplement a aplegar informació d'altres autors, filtrar-la i ordenar-la -una feina que ja de per si no resulta trivial-, sinó que obliga a omplir moltes llacunes, perquè una obra general d'aquesta mena ha de ser mínimament homogènia i completa.