Phonetic Causes of Sound ChangeEditorial:
Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical LinguisticsData de publicació:
Agost del 2020ISBN13:
9780198845010 Més informació
This book provides an integrated account of the phonetic causes of the diachronic processes of palatalization and assibilation of velar and labial stops and labiodental fricatives, as well as the palatalization and affrication of dentoalveolar stops. While previous studies have been concerned with the typology of sound inventories and of the processes of palatalization and assibilation, this volume not only deals with the typological patterns but also outlines the articulatory and acoustic causes of these sound changes.
In his articulation-based account, Daniel Recasens argues that the affricate and fricative outcomes of these changes developed via an intermediate stage, namely an (alveolo)palatal stop with varying degrees of closure fronting. Particular emphasis is placed on the one-to-many relationship between the input and output consonant realizations, on the acoustic cues that contribute to the implementation of these sound changes, and on the contextual, positional, and prosodic conditions that most favour their development. The analysis is based on extensive data from a wide range of language families, including Romance, Bantu, Slavic, and Germanic, and draws on a variety of sources, such as linguistic atlases, articulatory and acoustic studies, and phoneme identification tests.
Acoustic characteristics and placement within vowel space of full schwa in the world's languages: A surveyEditorial:
Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University PressData de publicació:
3 de març del 2021 Més informació
Data from about one hundred languages reveal that, in spite of resulting typically from articulatory reduction of peripheral vowels in unstressed position, full schwa may also occur in stressed position in stress languages and in unreduced syllables in languages lacking stress. Formant frequency data reveal that this vowel is mid central, though somewhat shifted to the mid back unrounded area (particularly if long and placed in open syllables and at the edges of words), and exhibits a higher or lower realization depending on the number of mid vowels in the vowel system. In spite of occurring in stressed position, full schwa resembles unstressed schwa in being very short, highly variable and possibly low intensity, which accounts for why it is prone to occur in closed syllables and longer words, and may receive stress only if the remaining vowel nuclei in the word are central and/or short peripheral. Moreover, variability in the F1 and F2 dimensions increases with the number of peripheral mid vowels, which appears to obey symmetry and dispersion principles of vowel space organization.
Daniel Recasens & Fernando Sánchez-Miret (eds.)
Sound Change in Romance: Phonetic and Phonological IssuesEditorial:
Lincom Studies in Romance LinguisticsData de publicació:
9783969390610 Més informació
The nine papers included in this book investigate a variety of topics on sound change in several Romance languages (French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Catalan, and Romanian) using different sources of evidence and several methodologies. This collection of papers contributes significantly to our knowledge about the inception and diffusion of sound change and the typological factors which constrain their implementation. The book should be of particular interest to phoneticians and phonologists insofar as, among other issues, it deals with patterns of syllable structure, degree of stability of vowel contrasts, and preference for certain consonant sequences and sound replacements over others.